Often a person experiences difficulty verbally expressing thoughts and feelings. The right words do not enter the head or in the head a constant line running at the speed of light, and it seems that the brain is about to burst. A person is unable to formulate his experiences, cannot find a positive outlet for the emotions. And here art therapy comes to the rescue. A person may not even know the name of the action in which he or she takes an unconscious step; taking a brush, oil, canvas ... and, after a few hours, the person feels a slight ache in his back, and order comes in his head - thoughts that excite the brain recede into the background and spills over the whole body, filling every cell, amazing harmony. What is it? This can be called creativity therapy or art therapy.
The term "Art Therapy" was introduced by the artist Adrian Hill in 1938. Working with patients, he noticed that creative activities distract patients from their experiences and help to cope with the disease. The combination of words “art therapy” (art (English) - art, therapéia (Greek) - care, treatment) is understood as caring for the psychological health and emotional well-being of a person through creativity.
Each person has the ability to express himself creatively, but, growing up, a person very often loses this ability, forbidding himself to dance, draw, and smear his hands with clay, closing his creative potential and limiting his life, blocking emotional manifestations. We all ever ask ourselves the question - "Who am I? What am I?", And yet a creative expression of ourselves can cause strong creative feelings in a person, lead to the release of emotional impulses. Expressing oneself through art is a painless way of expressing feelings.
Art therapy has neither limitations nor contraindications, being a safe method of stress relief. This is a natural way of healing; negative emotions are transformed into positive ones. Art therapy classes give strength, confidence, can help find a way out of the impasse. The use of artistic creativity helps to increase self-esteem and adequate self-acceptance in society. In the process of creativity, many problems come to the surface and they are resolved painlessly. So, painting helps a person to abstract from their problems and feelings.
Art-therapy is more about finding harmony, personal development, than treatment. How many directions in art exist, as many directions in art therapy can be distinguished. Composing fairy tales, painting, dancing, singing, working behind the potter's wheel, game therapy, mask therapy, sand therapy, colour therapy, making dolls, phototherapy, music therapy, etc.
In itself, creativity makes a person’s life interesting and eventful. Through self-expression, a person can look at himself from the side, look at the problem situation from a different angle. By drawing, a person transfers his inner world to the drawing. All our unspoken thoughts are blocked in the body, and this leads to physical and neurotic disorders. By splashing out emotions and feeling the canvas, on paper, in a dance, a person helps himself, his body to free itself from unnecessary "blocks" and be alive. A creative expression of oneself is a way to oneself, an opportunity to successfully build one’s life. When undergoing art therapy, a person reproduces his subconscious in visual expression. Each person has a need to express himself, and, creating something, he feels satisfied, as if he finds himself, harmony in himself. In art therapy, work is not evaluated or compared. This is an important point. It is difficult for an adult to decide on self-expression and needs to be supported when he has taken the first step and decided on therapy. The therapist's task is to create a situation in which a person can understand the meaning of his problems and find a way out of them, take a fresh look at the problem. Despite its apparent simplicity, art therapy is a rather deep form of psychotherapy, supplementing the main therapy in the treatment of neurosis, depression, stressful situations, and increased anxiety.